Veer Savarkar: VD Savarkar Death Anniversary: 10 facts about ‘controversial’ freedom fighter, Hindutva leader

Veer Savarkar: VD Savarkar Death Anniversary: 10 facts about ‘controversial’ freedom fighter, Hindutva leader

Prime Minister Narendra Modi commemorated the death anniversary of V D Savarkar, extolling his steadfast dedication to India’s freedom and unity. Savarkar, born in Maharashtra in 1883, was a key figure in India’s independence movement, advocating for Hindutva and national unity.

In a post on X, Modi said, “Tributes to Veer Savarkar on his Punya Tithi. India will forever remember his valiant spirit and unwavering dedication to our nation’s freedom and integrity. His contributions inspire us to strive for the development and prosperity of our country.”

Who was Savarkar and what is his legacy?

Savarkar’s contribution to India’s Freedom Struggle

Savarkar’s contributions to India’s freedom struggle were profound. He advocated for complete independence from British rule and organized revolutionary activities to achieve this goal. His formation of the Abhinav Bharat Society aimed to overthrow British rule through armed resistance, highlighting his commitment to India’s sovereignty.

Ideological influence and BJP’s inspiration

Savarkar’s ideologies, including Hindutva and the emphasis on national unity, have been a source of inspiration for the BJP. Modi praised Savarkar’s contributions, stating that they continue to inspire India’s development and prosperity. Savarkar’s belief in a strong and unified India, where Hindus played a central role, resonates with the BJP’s vision for the country.

Some other facts about Veer Savarkar

  • Savarkar advocated for Hindutva from childhood and led a march to vandalize a mosque at age 12 in retaliation for perceived injustices against Hindus by Muslims.
  • He was sentenced to 50 years in the cellular jail of Andamans in 1911 for opposing the Morley-Minto reforms but was released in 1924 after multiple mercy petitions.
  • Despite promoting Hindutva, he did not advocate for cow worship but encouraged caring for cows and opposed the consumption of cow urine and dung.
  • As president of the Hindu Mahasabha, he opposed the Quit India movement in 1942 and criticized the Indian National Congress for accepting India’s partition.
  • After his release from jail, he worked to abolish untouchability in Ratnagiri.
  • His book ‘The History of the War of Indian Independence’ analyzed the 1857 uprising and called for India’s first war for independence against the British.
  • He criticized Mahatma Gandhi, calling him a ‘hypocrite,’ and was charged as a co-conspirator in his assassination in 1948 but was acquitted due to lack of evidence.
  • The airport in Port Blair was renamed Veer Savarkar International Airport in 2002.
  • ‘Barrister Savarkar’ was the first biography of Savarkar, initially published under the pen name Chitragupta, later revealed to be Savarkar himself.
  • In 1964, feeling that his goal of Indian independence was achieved, he declared his wish to attain Samadhi and began a hunger strike, passing away on February 26, 1966.

Controversies surrounding Savarkar

Despite his contributions, Savarkar’s legacy is not without controversy. He has been criticized for his role in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi and his opposition to the Quit India movement. His views on cow worship and untouchability have also been contentious, leading to debate and criticism of his ideologies.

Recognition and legacy

Savarkar’s influence on Indian politics remains significant, with the BJP championing his ideals. The renaming of the airport in Port Blair to Veer Savarkar International Airport in 2002 reflects the recognition of his contributions to India’s independence movement. His autobiography and writings continue to be studied and debated, shaping discussions on India’s history and political landscape.

Some of Veer Savarkar’s most famous quotes

  • “Oh Motherland, sacrifice for you is like life, living without you is death.”
  • “Calmness in preparation but boldness in execution, this should be the watchword during the moments of crisis.”
  • “We yield to none in our love, admiration and respect for the Buddha-the Dharma-the Sangha. They are all ours.”

As India pays tribute to V D Savarkar, it is essential to remember his contributions to the nation’s freedom struggle. His unwavering dedication to India’s freedom and unity serves as an inspiration for generations of Indians. Despite the controversies surrounding his legacy, Savarkar’s influence on Indian politics and ideology remains profound, highlighting the complex and multifaceted nature of India’s independence movement.

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