E-learning platforms in ideological and political education at universities: students’ motivation and learning performance | BMC Medical Education

E-learning platforms in ideological and political education at universities: students’ motivation and learning performance | BMC Medical Education

Using e-learning platforms as a promising direction for developing the education system

Teaching and learning in an online environment ensured the continuity of the educational process during the COVID-19 pandemic, demonstrating the promise and potential of using e-learning platforms to expand educational opportunities [14]. The adaptation of the education sector to technological progress, the spread of Internet technologies, cloud and wireless technologies with 4G and 5G support occurs through the replacement of traditional audiences with online audiences, electronic classes and video conferencing, and the use of educational applications and websites [15].

Modernization of learning by transforming traditional classrooms into digital educational spaces with visualization and gamification, which involves the use of game rules for educational purposes, enhances the interaction between teacher and student, improves the quality and accessibility of educational materials, and also stimulates students to work independently [7]. This is due to the fact that the game format makes it possible to make educational tasks more interesting, and understanding the educational material with this approach becomes easier [7]. Electronic educational platforms based on cloud computing technology are a practical resource for teaching and learning software, meeting the diverse needs of education informatization through the creation of digital campuses, which optimizes the management of the educational process by improving the interaction between all its participants [16].

Thus, e-learning platforms have created conditions for the effective accumulation and sharing of knowledge in the online educational environment [17].

The impact of digitalization of the educational process on student motivation

The transformation of educational practices based on innovative online digital technologies aims to ensure the formation of students’ competencies as a necessary condition for their personal and professional development [18]. Students’ motivation for learning determines their achievement of educational goals. Accordingly, the development of e-learning platforms is carried out, taking into account the possibility of using them as a mechanism that perceives and stimulates the motivational state of students [19]. Electronic educational platforms are an information space that serves as an intermediary between teacher and student, thereby increasing the effectiveness of online learning. Meanwhile, researchers [20] cite a significant dropout rate of students because of their lack of motivation as one of the major problems with the use of e-learning platforms. The introduction of gamification can only partially address this issue, as it does not impact students’ intrinsic motivation, despite the increased involvement, unless individual learning styles are considered [20].

It is recommended to use gamification in combination with “flipped classrooms,” which primarily aim to stimulate learning progress for students lagging to increase the motivational component of education [21]. The flipped classroom is a type of blended learning that combines traditional classroom teaching and e-learning elements using special information technologies. The flipped classroom involves a shift in emphasis to independent study of educational material, with its subsequent practical consolidation during classroom lessons. Many researchers [22,23,24] argue that such training is an effective way to increase students’ motivation and engagement, develop their ability to learn independently and achieve better academic results. The use of educational platforms and virtual classrooms is believed to have become a technological breakthrough in learning. It has shown the positive impact of educational applications on students’ academic performance, primarily due to the activation of the motivational component of the educational process [25].

Opportunities and prospects for the use of e-learning platforms in ideological and political education

Integrating the “Internet plus” model into all aspects of human life contributes to digital socialization and innovations such as cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, and blockchain technology in education. It is seen as a progressive approach to ideological and political education [26]. Network electronic educational platforms make it possible to correlate the construction of ideological and political education with students’ characteristics and access to educational resources. They ensure not only the transfer of theoretical knowledge but create conditions for moral development and the formation of student value orientations [27].

The reform of ideological and political education based on the application of digital technologies, electronic learning platforms and mobile phones as a carrier of artificial intelligence has many advantages compared to traditional education due to the possibility of greater interactivity via the organization of discussion forums, electronic audiences, blogs, chats, educational applications [28]. Electronic educational platforms and websites create the conditions for building a high-tech ideological and political education system in universities and colleges [15]. The creation of an electronic data exchange platform in the process of ideological and political education enables supporting research in related fields, exchanging valuable statistical data and improving their use, as well as increasing the content and practical orientation of education [17, 29, 30].

Electronic educational platforms ensure the orientation of ideological and political learning to meet the needs of students and teachers [16]. The application of artificial intelligence and wireless networks contributes to the strategic direction and tactical goals of ideological and political learning by providing opportunities for monitoring the learning process of students, their participation in entrepreneurial activities, and the control of academic performance [31]. Developing an ideological and political framework for the curriculum is a principal aspect of ideological and political education. Using MVC architecture and MVC (Model View Controller) architectural pattern to develop a web application allows working with large databases. It also provides control over the learning process of each student, which ensures the individualization of the educational process [32].

Digital educational technologies provide an opportunity for its individualization by building a student’s portrait to improve ideological and political learning. Thus, the BILDES model allows for obtaining several general characteristics and evaluating the student’s learning style, analyzing their features, communicative qualities and learning style, and determining the motivational orientation and emotional attitude to learning [33]. This approach contributes to the early detection of possible problems in assimilating ideological and political education courses and provides timely intervention to solve them [33].

Building an ideological and political education system based on a hybrid approach, combining online and offline classes is more effective, providing more opportunities than traditional offline learning [34]. The use of information platforms maximizes the integration of ideological and political learning into all components of the educational process through online Internet resources, the possibility of online discussions, and increased individualization and interactivity of classes [12]. The development of university ideological and political multimedia network teaching and its implementation contribute to students’ better assimilation of teaching materials and improve their academic performance [35]. Technologies for recognizing students’ facial expressions during classes are proposed, which help monitor their psychological state in real-time and make appropriate adjustments to the conduct of classes [36].

Education is closely related to culture, traditions, ideology and politics, which determines the importance of ideological and political education. An important factor in political education is to ensure its motivational aspect, the incentive mechanism [37]. It is proposed to use the Deep Learning-Based Innovative Ideological Behavior Education Model (DL-IIBEM), which focuses on stimulating the exchange of information, improving the interactivity of the educational process, and increasing the efficiency of the platform. The goal is to teach innovative ideological behavior using electronic educational media [37, 38].

Artificial intelligence technologies’ most promising uses in ideological and policy education are intelligent wireless neural network capabilities to integrate online and offline teaching and learning [10] and the construction of smartphone-based learning [15]. The emergence and development of network multimedia using mobile devices have significantly impacted modern students’ thinking, worldview and lifestyle, broadly defining value orientations and ideological attitudes. They must be considered during students’ ideological and political education and forming their personal and professional competencies, worldviews, and beliefs [39].

Problem statement

China’s education policy aims to improve the quality of education based on the informatization of the education process, the integration of big data into the education process, the improvement of information literacy of teachers and students, and the improvement of the quality assessment system of teaching and learning [40]. Information learning platforms help students better learn the value of innovative and creative thinking, contributing to the comprehensive development of each student’s personality [12]. However, as the results of the analysis of scientific literature sources showed, one of the problems of using artificial intelligence for ideological and political education is the lack of an emotional component, which can negatively affect the motivational component of learning [36]. The search for a solution to this problem led to the present study.

The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of using the e-learning platform MOODLE in ideological and political education on the motivation and academic performance of Chinese students.

Research objectives

(1) analyzing the data of scientific literature sources on the use of e-learning platforms in ideological and political education; (2) conducting an experimental study of the dynamics of students’ motivation and academic performance in ideological and political education using e-learning platforms.

The research hypothesis builds on the assumption that using e-learning platforms in ideological and political education increases student motivation and improves academic performance.

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